Cultivation of Salt - tolerant grape varieties in saline soils

Cropping Pattern

The cropping profile underwent a change. There was a significant shift from traditional crops like sorghum and groundnut to Thompson seedless grapes, other horticultural species and vegetables. The major crop distribution in the year 2000 was as follows :

Sugar cane Thompson seedless Vegetables Horticulture varieties
78 hectares 200 hectares 107 hectares 50 hectares

Milk Production
During 1990 and 2000 the area under greenery and the overall production of fodder varieties increased appreciably. In the same period the availability of drinking water increased by leaps and bounds. Villages like Alsund, Khambale, Kamalapur which depended for drinking water on tanker supply, became water surplus villages. Due to these factors milk production in the area has registered a marked improvement.

As part of the water conservation measures two percolation tanks at Alsund and Kamalapur villages were built. One tank at Alsund was deepened and repaired. These tanks have a total capacity of 6.5 million cubic feet. With a view to optimizing the utilization of irrigation potential the following measures were taken,

i) completion of 80 irrigation wells
ii) erection of small lift irrigation projects on Verala river front at Vazar village, having a total irrigation capacity of 150 hectares
iii) a lift irrigation project at Kamalapur with irrigation capacity of 200 hectares.

New Crops
Thompson seedless grape cultivation was introduced in the project area. The total area under the vineyards is 200 hectares. There are special features involved. Seedless grape is not a traditional crop of our State whose geographical coordinates are 74°E to 81°E Longitude and 16°N to 22°N Latitude. The average temperature ranging between 20° to 42° Celsius. In this region the per hectare grape yield is 20 tonnes a hectare and upwards. Cultivation of the crop was pioneered in 1962 by two farmers and a professor of Mathematics who studied plant morphology as a hobby. The grape produced is mainly of table variety which excels both in quality and quantity. They export grapes to Europe, the Gulf and South East Asians countries. Fortyfour years on since the triggering of this grape revolution, the farmers still hold the edge in technology. Lately they have branched into production of wine varieties..

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